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Ipertermia Total Body e tumori del colon retto

Ipertermia total body e tumori del colon retto: effetti sul sistema immunitario

ipertermia total bodyL'ipertermia total body ad infrarosso (fever range) è da considerarsi valida opportunità coadiuvante in oncologia.

Il presente studio sperimentale è stato condotto per valutare l'attività della metodica nel ridurre lo stress sul sistema immunitario prodotti da intervento chirurgico (nel caso specifico priva di chirurgia per tumore del colonretto).

La conclusione è che l'attività del sistema immunitario può essere migliorata impiegando ipertermia total body prima dell'intervento chirurgico.

Ulteriori approfondimenti sono assolutamente auspicabili. Il lavoro clinico è stato pubblicato su rivista medica internazionale in lingua inglese.

Dr. Carlo Pastore


Br J Anaesth. 2012 Jul 31. [Epub ahead of print]

Effect of preoperative fever-range whole-body hyperthermia on immunological markers in patients undergoing colorectal cancer surgery.

Sulyok I, Fleischmann E, Stift A, Roth G, Lebherz-Eichinger D, Kasper D, Spittler A, Kimberger O.

Source

Division of General Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Department of Anaesthesiology, General Intensive Care and Pain Control.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Previous studies have demonstrated beneficial immunological effects of fever-range whole-body hyperthermia (FR-WBH) as an adjunct to non-surgical cancer therapy. We conducted a study of preoperative FR-WBH in patients undergoing colorectal cancer surgery to evaluate perioperative, hyperthermia-induced immunomodulation.

METHODS:

The trial was conducted as a subject-blinded, controlled, randomized study. Subjects in the FR-WBH group (n=9) were treated with FR-WBH before operation under propofol sedation; the target core temperature was 39 (0.5)°C with 1 h warming and 2 h plateau phase. Subjects in the control group (n=9) were treated with propofol sedation only. Blood samples were acquired before and after treatment, after operation, and 24, 48 h, and 5 days after the end of surgery. The following parameters were measured: lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α, procalcitonin (PCT), interleukin (IL)-6/10, heat shock proteins (HSPs) 60, 70, and 90, human leucocyte antigen-DR (HLA-DR), and LPS-binding protein (LBP).

RESULTS:

HSPs were increased in the FR-WBH group after treatment [HSP60, 48 h postop: 143 (41)% vs 89 (42)%, P=0.04; HSP90, postop: 111 (33)% vs 64 (31)%, P=0.04; HSP70: P=0.40; FR-WBH vs control, P-values for area under the level/time curve]. TNF-α levels were elevated after surgery in the control group and remained near baseline in the FR-WBH group [24 h postop: 73 (68)% vs 151 (72)%, P=0.04]. PCT increased in both groups 24 h after surgery; in the control group, this increase was significantly higher (P=0.02). There were no significant differences for IL, HLA-DR, or LBP.

CONCLUSIONS:

The immune system to react to surgical stress, as measured by a panel of laboratory indicators, might be improved by preoperative FR-WBH.

 

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